Ever since the emergence of single-page applications (SPAs), frontend development has experienced a major drift across the paradigm. The planning, strategies, approaches, implementation, testing; each step has evolved to provide a better development experience. The development world has realized the power of reusable, maintainable, scalable, and structured code flows and cycles, and hence, as a result, the evolution of technologies contributed a lot to the entire experience. Now, it is more robust, trustworthy, scalable, and maintainable. One of the most popular and high-in-demand frontend development technologies is Angular. Angular has revolutionized the way traditional development used to operate and has provided a significant breakthrough in the domain of producing single-page applications. Angular supports component-based development which is highly structured and reusable and hence contributes a great deal in developing SPAs.
In this article, we will explore Angular and its market in great detail. We will start by briefly understanding what exactly Angular is, how and why it is used, what benefits it can provide, its applications, and then proceed towards a quick comparison of Angular with other similar frontend development frameworks and libraries. After discussing the technical and functional aspects of Angular, we will move towards discussing the huge and potential market share that Angular possesses and the benefits that Angular has to offer to its developers. Towards the end, we will walk you through a quick roadmap of becoming an Angular developer and contribute to the massive industry of frontend development. Stay tuned throughout this journey of exploration, it will be worth it!
Table of contents
- What is Angular?
- History and interesting facts
- Differences between Angular and AngularJS
- Angular versions
- Top websites and applications built with Angular
- Essential elements of Angular
- Prerequisites of Angular
- Comparison with other libraries and frameworks
- Why Angular?
- Angular market situation
- Demand on Angular Developers
- Experience levels of Angular developers
- Salary of an Angular developer
- Typical tasks for Angular developers
- Requirements for Angular developers
- Angular developer
- Most common problems for the Angular developers
- How to become an Angular developer
- Certifications and courses
- Angular community events and conferences
- Angular developer CV/Resume
What is Angular?
Before diving into the question of what is Angular, let’s first understand what is a framework and why do we need it.
A framework, in terms of software, is a defined set of rules which defines a generic process and provides functionality that the consumers of that framework can use to develop functionalities on top of it. A framework is not only limited to assisting the application process but also entails standardized ways that can help in testing and deployment of applications. In today’s agile world, instead of doing the same job repeatedly and recreating the wheel, the software industry is on the verge of using a variety of frameworks as per their own technology stacks. The solution providers have started implementing some cool and interesting ideas and are releasing them in the form of frameworks so as to capture the needs of the agile market in the longer run.
In simple words, a framework is a set of rules that provides us the correct tools in order to develop an application. In frameworks, everything is properly structured; be it the core, modules, or components, a framework provides an organized development experience. Angular is a frontend development framework that is used to build single-page applications (SPAs). It works on a distributed approach and facilitates component-based development using HTML and TypeScript. The framework, overall, consists of numerous TypeScript libraries that we use in order to create a high-performant Angular application. Since Angular operates on component-based development, it has defined its own set of fundamental structures that builds up an overall Angular ecosystem. Angular components, services, modules, templates, directives, decorators, routing, pipes; are some of the atom elements that, when combined together, enable a smooth development experience.
The success or failure of any new technology that comes out in the market fundamentally depends upon how well its architecture has been laid up. The more scalable the architecture is, the more the technology will last in the market. Angular is one of those few technologies in the software industry that has rightly marked the spot and has been successfully operating for 10+ years now. Angular has extremely well-built architectural foundations with a high room for scalability, hence, it improves itself from time to time and adds new features that have the potential to not only make the development process easier but also increase the performance and usability of applications.
To know more about Angular concepts and get a glimpse of its architecture, feel free to give a read to this write-up by Angular.
History and interesting facts
Before we dive deep into discussions, let’s take a quick look at the interesting parts in the history of Angular so far. Angular is an open-source development framework that was introduced in 2009. The first-ever Angular version, developed by Google engineers Misko Hevery and Adam Abrons, was officially released in 2010 with the aim to modernize the frontend application development paradigm. The framework was given the name AngularJS back then when it was first released. After the release of AngularJS, it undoubtedly left a solid impression on the frontend application development domain. As the framework got recognition in the developer communities and experienced a wide range of adoption, the creators soon realized that the framework does not match the rapid-changing needs of the market. It was not scalable to the point to support new requirements and trends. After this realization, AngularJS was completely rewritten and the revised version was again released by Google in 2016.
Angular, precisely Angular 2, was this time more robust, scalable, and welcoming towards the changing requirements and trends of web development. Since the restructuring of AngularJS as Angular 2, the framework has been stable and has advanced rapidly to adopt the forthcoming market recommendations. The success of Angular can be measured with the fact that ever since the emergence of Angular 2 in 2016, we are now almost on the verge of releasing Angular 12 very soon. Pretty cool, right? Apart from the unpredictable and wavy historic events in the life of Angular, there are some interesting and eye-catching facts about the Angular framework. Take a look below!
- Angular is one of the few technologies that has experienced a complete architectural revamp during the times when it was widely being used in the industry.
- Angular applications and products have the highest market share in the US region.
- Angular is one of the pioneers and trendsetters of modern frontend application development.
- Angular allows developers to design their code in isolation, which means that it supports modular Angular components, distributed services, and test-driven development strategy.
- Angular is compatible with a wide range of browsers; most importantly, Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.
- Angular is one of very few popular open-source technologies that are backed by huge industry leaders like Google.
Differences between Angular and AngularJS
Certainly, for a big majority of frontend developers, Angular is an acquainted framework to develop web applications. We have been discussing that Angular experienced a significant architectural revamp and rewriting of the entire framework, now that we reflect back and try to draw comparisons between the former AngularJS and the leading technology of today, Angular, we see many important differences between them. If you are an Angular developer or any frontend developer in general, you should ideally know about these differences because it is a great learning experience and a huge addition to the knowledge base to equip yourself with not only the functional requirements of the technology but also ponder over the non-functional aspects which have a huge impact as well. Following are some of the key differences between AngularJS (2010) and Angular 2+ (2016-current).
- Architecture — AngularJS has an MVC (Model-View-Controller) architecture which is responsible to manage the flow of data and logic whereas Angular has a distributed component-based architecture.
- Modularity — the majority of the fundamental functionality was at one place in AngularJS whereas Angular introduced the concept of distributed modules which made the core module really lightweight.
- Performance — the notion that Angular has a modular and distributed architecture comply with the fact that it is more performance-beneficent than AngularJS.
- Angular Components — Angular uses components whereas the former version AngularJS has the directive-based approach.
- Command Line Interface — Angular has its own CLI which speeds up a lot of application development processes. On the other hand, AngularJS does not come with any CLI.
- Dependency injection — Angular uses a key design principle called dependency injection as the primary approach which serves a great deal in improving runtime performance. AngularJS is not built to inject runtime dependencies.
- Mobile browsers — AngularJS does not support mobile browsers whereas Angular 2+ has outstanding mobile support.
The following hierarchy gives a clear picture of different Angular versions to date.
- Angular 1 — also called AngularJS; was released in 2010.
- Angular 2 — the complete framework revamp was officially released as Angular 2 in September 2016.
- Angular 4 — released in March 2017.
- Angular 5 — was released seven months later than the earlier release in November 2017.
- Angular 6 — released in May 2018.
- Angular 7 — again released in the same year in October 2018.
- Angular 8 — has a release date of May 2019.
- Angular 9 — released in February 2020.
- Angular 10 — June 2020.
- Angular 11 — November 2020.
Top websites and applications built with Angular
As mentioned earlier, Angular is one of the pioneers and trendsetters of modern frontend application development. There are numerous popular forums and applications that have realized the ease and power of adopting Angular in the core stack and have actually implemented their business front like that. It would not be an exaggeration at all if we mention that any application or product that has the vision to scale must adopt Angular in its technology stack. Angular has revolutionized the ways traditional development used to happen and has made an outstanding remark when it comes to performance benefits as well. Following is the list of some popular companies that are using Angular.
- Forbes — when it comes to the credibility of news and its sources, Forbes is the top platform. The frontend of this American brand is built with Angular to rightly accommodate the inherent component structure (Angular components) of the platform itself.
- TransferWise — TransferWise is a London-based online money transfer system that says that they are a cheap and fast way to send money abroad. A significant portion of the TransferWise tool is using the services of Angular to facilitate their target market.
- Indiegogo — an ideal crowdsourcing platform for entrepreneurs and investors. On this platform, entrepreneurs look for an opportunity to pitch their ideas and find appropriate investors for them. Combined with Ruby on Rails on the backend, Indiegogo uses Angular on the frontend to support its everyday operations.
- Crunchbase — Crunchbase is one of the finest databases as of now that contains a comprehensive list of companies from all around the globe. Angular has deep grounded its roots in Crunchbase’s tech stack as well.
- Deutsche Bank — a multinational investment and financial services company, Deutsche Bank, also uses Angular for a small portion of its developer portal.
- Santander — Santander uses Angular to create high-impact financial solutions.
- Gmail — uses Angular to support its single-page paradigm and load data dynamically.
- PayPal — PayPal is one of the game-changers when it comes to disrupting the fintech ecosystem. This leading American company uses Angular to support feeds related to transactional data.
- Upwork — one of the largest freelance platforms, Upwork, has chosen Angular on the frontend.
- Overleaf — A small portion of Overleaf, an online editor for Latex, employs Angular for performance benefits.
It is of course not possible to mention every single organization that is using Angular in the frontend technology stack but after looking at the above companies, you must have had a nice understanding about the stature of Angular and the trust that these (and many others) companies have put on Angular in order to scale up their own business. Isn’t it fascinating? Indeed it is!
Not only the established businesses, but there are various open-source applications and products as well that prefer using Angular over any other development framework. Some of the open-source projects that are using Angular are Clarity, Flex layout, Storybook, RxDB, and the list goes on!
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Essential elements of Angular
Angular is a well-planned and well-executed framework that has its own set of essential atoms that make up the mega Angular molecule. The foundations of Angular are built on the following fundamental elements.
- Angular Components — the components are the basic building blocks of an Angular application. They are the reason why single-page applications are brought to reality. With Angular component, the primary idea is to break a big HTML view or page into smaller, independent, decoupled, and reusable fragments so that they could be used anywhere inside the application without doing the hard science again or recreate the wheel.
Angular components help us achieve the goal of lazy loading of modules which has an enormous impact when it comes to application performance.
- Services — services are another integral part of the Angular development lifecycle. They handle all the dynamic logic, data changes, data retrieval, data storage, etc. Angular component need to be internally linked with services in order to perform CRUD (Create, Read, Update, Delete) operations within the application. Angular services are highly compatible when it comes to integrating APIs with the application.
- Modules — we discussed earlier that Angular is built on a modular and distributed approach. The individual atoms are logically assigned the mini-groups that they should belong to. When all these mini-groups are formed, they can be imported and used independently irrespective of others. These mini-groups are formally called modules.
- Data binding — whatever data we write in our browser should be available for further processing inside our Angular component and service; similarly, whichever data we get either by performing application logic or retrieving that by API calls, it has to be linked with the browser for display purposes. The mechanism behind seamlessly integrating both of the above-mentioned use cases is called data binding. There are mainly two types of data binding in Angular; property binding and event binding.
Prerequisites of Angular
No matter how advanced the frontend technology becomes, at the end of the day it is essentially an extension to the vanilla approaches. In order to understand and use the Angular framework, it is very important to understand the basic building blocks that Angular has been built on.
Comparison with other libraries and frameworks
- Components — when it comes to the architecture, be it Angular, React, or Vue, components hold significant importance. The only key difference between components in Angular vs in React or Vue is that Angular components are highly segregated and the logic inside components is completely independent of the view of that component. In React and Vue, the user interface is, kind of, linked with the logic inside the components and hence they are tightly coupled with each other. So that is the major edge for Angular if we talk of Angular vs React and Angular vs Vue. Having said that both the approaches have their own pros and cons and it depends on the business which way they wish to adopt.
- Familiarity with the framework — it is a common saying in the software industry that Angular is initially hard to learn but as the project gains some run, the structure of the Angular project is easy to navigate and later easy to adapt and learn. On the other hand, both React and Vue are easy to begin with, but later on, due to the fact that they are libraries and not frameworks, they get hard to adapt as the project grows. In no way we mean that this is the utter truth but we just conveyed what is trending in the industry.
- Size — both React and Vue are libraries, hence, they are very lightweight. When it comes to Angular since it is a framework, it is slightly heavy but due to minification, bundling, and packaging that overhead can be minimized to a great extent. So here, in the debate of Angular vs React and Angular vs Vue, React and Vue take a slight advantage.
- DOM manipulation — other than a couple of edge cases, Angular tends to perform better while manipulating the DOM.
- Startup time — when we talk of the startup time, Vue and React seem to perform better than Angular because they are lightweight. As we discussed previously Angular, being a framework, is slightly heavy and hence the startup time is affected a bit.
We know that Angular provides us a development environment to build interactive and dynamic single-page applications (SPAs). It has got outstanding core architecture which consists of basic building blocks i.e. Angular component, services, templates, directives, etc. If there are multiple other frameworks and libraries that deal with the same phenomenon of creating single-page applications using the component-based approach, then why should we choose Angular? This is indeed a really important question and in this section, we will solely answer this question. With further delays, let’s look at why we should choose to use Angular for our application development process.
We need to understand that Angular is a framework, which means that its structure has been laid after putting considerable energy and enormous thought process. Due to its structure and design, it is highly scalable and offers a wide range of scaling benefits when it comes to application development. Angular is clearly the most suitable shot if you are planning to develop large enterprise-grade applications. The interesting part about these large enterprise-level applications is that they have to scale. Their business grows rapidly and in order to keep up with their business, the digital solutions must go hand-in-hand. Due to the distributed Angular architecture, it becomes really easy to think of implementing new features and modify the existing ones to promote them to the desired level of scalability.
Apart from the application scalability that it provides, Angular is extremely reliable when dealing with complex dynamic content. Due to its effective two-way data binding and inter-component communication mechanisms, Angular makes sure that the dynamic content is updated and refreshed in real-time providing a seamless navigation experience to the user.
Borrowing from the idea of scalable architecture, Angular has a modular structure that lets you organize your code into smaller chunks. These chunks can be anything starting from Angular component, services, directives, pipes, decorators, and whatnot. Since every piece of code can be designed to the level of modularity, it effectively makes the overall application sustainable and maintainable. Moreover, due to the separation of concerns of one chunk from another, the entire process produces independent components that are reusable within the application.
Consistent coding is an art that each developer should follow. Although it won’t increase or decrease the performance of the application as such, it is always recommended to follow proper style guides, design approaches, and consistent practices. The code should be easy to understand and read. It should be self-explanatory even at the point when someone comes and takes a look at it a year later. This is the power of consistent coding. If we do not follow such practices and create inconsistent code pieces, the application will, at one point, become saturated and will eventually die from time to time.
Due to its modular design and organized directory structured, Angular is the only framework that forces you to make your code consistent and organized. Once the code flow is proper and up to the mark, it becomes extremely easy to navigate within the codebase and modify it as per the frequently occurring use cases.
Again, due to the fact that the framework supports independent components, it becomes really promising to design unit tests for the code. Furthermore, if we can design unit tests for the code then we can automatically migrate to the top trending development approach called test-driven development (TDD). We know that applications built with Angular use the TypeScript language. TypeScript itself is a very reliable and affordable technology that ensures high availability and security. It recognizes the importance of using types while programming and hence supports them to ensure good design, high performance, and code maintenance. Furthermore, TypeScript has a smart error-catching mechanism that helps in dealing with error development as well as maintenance operations. One of the biggest advantages that TypeScript has that it is not a stand-alone language. Unlike other languages, like Dart of CoffeeScript, it allows you to easily integrate your existing ES5 (or above) code in itself. TypeScript has full support for ES5 essential and core features and eventually contributes towards a better development experience with Angular as well. Another key point about TypeScript is that it easily allows you to debug your code both in the browser and the editor. TypeScript is built for ease-of-access and hence ensures a better development, refactoring, navigation, and auto-completion experience.
We know that Angular uses HTML to define and CSS to design the UI elements in the application. HTML is a declarative language, which means that the developer does not need to worry about the program flows or performance metrics while defining the UI components. The developer just has to define them and the Angular framework will itself take care of all the underlying hustle.
Although the fundamentals of the Angular framework consist of the original MVC architectural pattern, Angular tries to mimic the MVVM design structure which is easy to understand and manipulate. Angular takes down the responsibility from the developer’s end to split the application into proper MVC components and write the code logic that would use these components at runtime. Rather, Angular only asks the developers to split the app into its own suggested structure, and internally, Angular takes care of the hard work. This reduces a major overhead of design thought from developers, and hence, eventually results in code consistency. By now, you must have understood that Angular has eliminated nearly all the possibilities that formerly used to ask developers to write unnecessary code. By unnecessary code, we mean that the code does not participate during the application’s business logic but is written in order to address the other functional and non-functional requirements. Every other extra piece of code is already built in the modules and hence it boosts the application startup and runtime. Moreover, due to the “separation of concerns” phenomenon that Angular strictly believes in, the application can be designed in a way that multiple teams can take responsibility for different parts separately and use them as dependencies rather than coupling them tightly, which is bad. Due to this approach, you will only load the dependency when needed, the performance of the entire application will automatically increase. According to Amazon, every 100-millisecond improvement in page loading speed led to a 1% increase in revenue! Pretty fascinating, right?
Angular is backed by Google, this automatically puts credibility on Angular as a framework. Google has numerous other services that are operating all over the world and having the support or backing of Google on some open-source technology really gives one of the biggest advantages to it. Moreover, the backing that Google has on Angular is not for a small period of time. In fact, Angular has Google Long-Term Support (LTS) badge which means that Google is going to live with Angular for the long term and also participate in further scaling up the framework.
Google not only supports the framework but also uses it in its services as a core technology stack. Google Apps, one of the most reliable services of Google, uses Angular because they believe that Angular can give them the stability that they want. All the above-mentioned reasons not only just provide a perfect development experience but also contribute a great deal in delivering the product or an application end-to-end. We recommend using Angular for your development cycles in order to develop a seamless engineering-first ecosystem that eventually leads to product stability and scalability
Angular market situation
Ever since the emergence of Angular in the domain of single-page applications, it has always kept a greater market share and has outclassed many other frameworks and technologies. Angular automatically holds an upper hand over other technologies because it was introduced way earlier than others in 2010. Although the newer Angular framework that we use today came in 2016, the basis of it was already there in 2010. Having said that, due to the fact that it came earlier, it already occupied a greater market share and developed a sense of trust in the technology. So technically speaking, Angular possessed an outright benefit because it was the only prominent player in the market back then. According to Google Trends, Angular has experienced a major drift around March 2013, and since then it has embarked on the journey of rising.
The popularity of Angular worldwide is immense especially in the United States and Europe region. The US being the trendsetter in every emerging technology has a significant market share when it comes to Angular. Entire Europe, especially Germany, is on the verge of adopting new technologies and is growing rapidly in the technology sector. Inspired by the US, Germany also has a huge market cut for Angular and applications built with Angular. While we are talking about a huge market cut that Angular possesses, there are various freelance and on-demand online portals and platforms as well that help developers get projects and utilize their skills accordingly. Amongst these portals, OnBench is a revolutionary platform that helps developers in finding out new and relevant projects quickly and effectively. OnBench has a large number of projects related to Angular and Angular developers are always in demand there as well. Feel free to visit OnBench’s website at https://onbench.de/.
Demand on Angular Developers
The demand for any technology is directly proportional to its popularity and the use cases that it offers. Since Angular is popular worldwide, it has a significant demand in the entire world. Particularly Germany, the largest software market in Europe, has a tremendous demand for Angular. We all know that Germany is an emerging market for software engineers and has great potential for developers from all over the world. As told before, Angular is quite in demand in Germany and consequently, the demand for Angular developers is also very high for all the experience levels. Even if you are a fresh graduate with motivation towards frontend development and some basics clear, you are also in demand. Companies are looking for talent that is honest, sincere, quick-learner, and committed.
If we just focus on the German market, the percentage demand for Angular developers is more or less the same across all the major cities. Munich, being one of the largest cities, has numerous jobs in general. The category of Angular jobs in Munich is also at a high level because there are countless companies, both large-scale and small-scale, that are working on Angular are always on the lookout for Angular developers. The equivalent trend is followed by Berlin, Hamburg, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Dresden, and you name it!
Experience levels of Angular developers
In the software industry, we have a nice hierarchy and experience levels that are followed in most of the companies worldwide. Although the job designation against experience levels might differ from company to company, overall there is a uniform experience hierarchy to follow. The experience level of Angular developers in terms of YoE (Years of Experience) ranges roughly all the way from 0–15 years. After 15 years of experience, the developers may still choose to either stick on the technical side or move towards the proper managerial roles in the technical domain. Following is the list along with some of the relevant information against each designation. Note that, we have taken the relevant information against each role from different credible and reliable sources including LinkedIn, Glassdoor, Indeed, Betterteam, Toptal, Monster, etc.
- Associate Frontend/Software/Full Stack Developer — 0 to 1 years of experience. Responsibilities include writing code based on design principles and patterns, providing internal support for various departments, following the software development processes, documentation, coordinating with project teams and solving other project related issues.
- Software Developer (Level 1) — 1 to 2 years of experience. Responsibilities include designing software, implementing, debugging, testing, and participating in various steps across the software development life cycle. The Software Engineer I, apart from developing the software, also works in a support role, and typically reports to the project manager.
- Software Developer (Level 2) — 2 to 3.5 years of experience. Responsibilities are typically the same as level 1 but with more independent nature of work, more ownership, and more contribution towards the overall infrastructure of the project.
- Senior Software Developer — 3.5 to 5 years of experience. Responsibilities include analyzing the system needs and demands and developing software solutions for them, analyzing flow of system, usage of data, and processes; and participating in troubleshooting; and conferring to the software development lifecycle. One of the key responsibilities of a senior software developer is to analyze the entire system and find feasibility by evaluating the system, and eventually determining the solutions to problems after care evaluation. The senior developer also participates in documenting the solutions and code, design flowcharts, and participate in every other documentation activity that is needed. During the entire development process, a senior software developer is exposed to multiple confidential information such as credentials, limited access features, etc; the developer is responsible to abide by the trust and protect necessary information. A senior engineer also supports other software engineers by providing advice, coaching, and educational opportunities.
- Lead Software Developer — 5 to 7 years of experience. Responsibilities include taking up ownership of the entire project and carefully analyzing the project. A lead developer undergoes the process of analysis in order to fulfill the requirement of the system. A lead software developer is expected to develop the detailed design structure after understanding the requirements and the design of the application. The tech lead invests time in implementing the best practices and coding standards of the project. One of the key responsibilities of a technical lead is to create documents for all the weekly tasks in the form of accurate and detailed reports. Since the lead software developer is responsible for the entire project, so is expected to keep a check on the whole system, conduct the testing and integration testing for the entire system. A lead developer works closely with the project manager to identify project risks and plan mitigation strategies. The lead is expected to be proactive while reacting to the surprises and should have written explanations for the same. When it comes to the management part, the lead is expected to constantly work on increasing the productivity of the team.
- Principal Software Developer — 7 to 9 years of experience. Responsibilities include the detailed design and the day-to-day running of a software development team. This includes advising on and contributing to the implementation and delivery of software and hardware components. The lead developers, in some cases, are expected to jointly own, with the DevOps teams, the operational stability of the components the team builds and be in a position to affect change to improve the ongoing robustness, resiliency, and stability of those components. The role requires proven experience in planning, specifying, developing, and deploying high-performance, robust, and resilient media publishing workflow systems.
- Senior Principal Software Developer — 9 to 11 years of experience. Responsibilities include designing, coding, and debugging software. A senior principal software developer is expected to improve the performance of existing software and also maintain and upgrade the existing software. One of the key job responsibilities of a senior principal software developer is to give mentorship and provide assistance to fellow engineers. A senior principal software developer supervises and oversees the technical aspects of projects and investigates software-related complaints and makes necessary adjustments to ensure optimal software performance. Most importantly, a senior principal software developer regularly attends team meetings to discuss projects, brainstorm ideas, and put forward solutions to any issues.
- Software Architect — 11 to 15 years of experience. Responsibilities include interaction with clients, product managers, and developers in order to envision, model, and provide initial models and designs that can be built. This role also may cover the meeting potential or current customers. A software architect has to constantly review the code to ensure the quality of the design by avoiding complexity and advocating clarity. This usually requires hands-on work in terms of developing prototypes, contributing code, or evaluating technologies. The role of a software architect includes collaborative working with a degree of humility and providing mentoring as required. Such collaboration also allows the architect to become familiar with the skills and interests of the team and to share their knowledge with the rest of the team. Humility is required to ensure that all the team is listened to, as they may have more specific experience or knowledge for the problem at hand.
The above-mentioned experience levels and job designations are universally respected and praised in the software industry.
Salary of an Angular developer
Angular developers are high paid throughout the industry worldwide. The relative pay varies from country to country because of internal economic stability and other similar factors but the overall market is very welcoming for Angular developers. In Germany, out of all the popular frontend technologies, Angular developers are the highest-paid. Speaking in terms of the global currency, Angular developer salary starts from $70,000+ per year. The figure experiences a major raise for mid-level experienced professionals, where the Angular developer salary reaches up to $80,000 per year. When it comes to technical leads, the Angular developer salary ranges from $90,000 to $95,000 per year.
By now, you must have realized the scope of Angular and demand for its developers let alone in the German market. The figures do not come to a halt here but increase for principal developers and software architects. On average, a software architect can easily make up to $110,000 per annum in Germany. Just as a side note, the following screenshot by PayScale provides a nice comparison of salaries of Angular developers across different countries.
Typical tasks for Angular developers
Following are some of the typical tasks and responsibilities that are expected to be fulfilled by Angular developers.
- Contribute to designing, planning, and structuring Angular components and services.
- Perform necessary actions as per the software development life cycle (SDLC).
- Deliver a scalable frontend application.
- While designing and implementing the Angular component, they should be able to design the responsiveness for all available popular platforms including mobile and desktop.
- Should deliver clean, maintainable, and high-performant code.
- Should be able to write unit tests for each of the Angular component.
- Write necessary accompanying documentation for the code that is shipped.
- Coordinate with the backend engineering team to design and integrate the APIs.
The above-mentioned tasks and responsibilities are the common points from various credible sources and are just a general overview of them. Note that each company adopts the job roles differently and hence expects the candidates to possess the knowledge as per their specific use case.
Following is a template tasks and responsibilities list that we took from Toptal, which is the most credible marketplace to hire developers and engineers. An ideal Angular developer resume should display proficiency in all of the below mentioned tasks and requirements.
We are looking for an AngularJS Developer responsible for the client side of our service. Your primary focus will be to implement a complete user interface in the form of a mobile and desktop web app, with a focus on performance. Your main duties will include creating modules and components and coupling them together into a functional app. The artistic design will be delivered to you, together with a few HTML templates, but we will ask for your help in regard to animations, CSS, and final HTML output. You will work in a team with the backend developer and communicate with the API using standard methods. A thorough understanding of all of the components of our platform and infrastructure is required.
- Delivering a complete front end application
- Ensuring high performance on mobile and desktop
- Coordinating the workflow between the graphic designer, the HTML coder, and yourself
- Cooperating with the back-end developer in the process of building the RESTful API
- Communicating with external web services
Requirements for Angular developers
A typical Angular developer resume is expected to contain the most out of the following key requirements.
- A quality grip on TypeScript. Angular uses TypeScript as the internal programming language to handle dynamic behaviors, hence the developer should be familiar with TypeScript challenges and must be able to write quality code using TypeScript.
- Vast knowledge and understanding of Angular. The developer should be able to understand the core Angular architecture and modules and should have an inquisitive personality to adapt to advancements within the framework.
- A solid understanding of HTML and CSS. At many companies, the developers are expected to design the web pages as well. Hence, ideally, the developer should know basic styling, rendering components, fundamentals of UI/UX, etc.
- The developers should be familiar with API integrations. Whether they are their own product APIs or any third-party APIs, the developers should be comfortable plugging in APIs for various HTTP verbs; most commonly GET, POST, PUT, and DELETE.
- The developers should be able to understand the importance of stable, scalable, and maintainable code. The job is not done by only understanding it, in fact, the developers should be capable enough to implement such a stable and scalable system and also ship it.
- Communication is always the key. A sound developer should realize the importance of good communication and should be able to present ideas and thoughts and rightly deliver them across the team.
- Last, but not least, teamwork is the key to success. The developer should be open to the idea of working in teams and also work towards strengthening the team. The developer should take ownership of responsibilities and rightly deliver them as per the expectations.
Following is a template requirement list that we took from Toptal, which is the most credible marketplace to hire developers and engineers. An ideal Angular developer resume should display proficiency in all of the below-mentioned tasks and requirements.
Skills and Qualifications
- Professional, precise communication skills
- Deep knowledge of AngularJS practices and commonly used modules based on extensive work experience
- Creating self-contained, reusable, and testable modules and components
- Ensuring a clear dependency chain, in regard to the app logic as well as the file system
- Ability to provide SEO solutions for single-page apps
- Extensive knowledge of CSS and JS methods for providing performance visual effects and keeping the framerate above 30fps at all times
- Thorough understanding of the responsibilities of the platform, database, API, caching layer, proxies, and other web services used in the system
- Validating user actions on the client-side and providing responsive feedback
- Writing non-blocking code, and resorting to advanced techniques such as multi-threading, when needed
- Creating custom, general use modules, and components that extend the elements and modules of core AngularJS
- Experience with all levels of operation available to the front-end, such as from creating XHRs in vanilla JS to using a custom wrapper around $resource
- Experience with building the infrastructure for serving the front-end app and assets
- Architecting and automating the build process for production, using task runners or scripts
- Documenting the code inline using JSDoc or other conventions
- Writing extensive unit tests using automated TDD tasks
- Creating e2e test suites for all components, and running them with Protractor (or a well-reasoned alternative)
- Creating configuration, build, and test scripts for Continuous Integration environments
How does an ideal Angular job description look like?
Every company has its own set of defined rules to gauge the candidate based on the exclusive company environment, culture, and nature of work. Therefore it is not a suitable idea to generalize any job description for any technology. We can still look at the common and “must-have” points that are expected irrespective of whichever company you are applying for because these points assess the basics of candidates. Following are some of the job descriptions that we took from prominent and reliable job posting portals that are accessible all over the world. Some of these portals are Betterteam, Glassdoor, LinkedIn, etc. The following job description is taken from Betterteam, which claims that it is the fastest way to hire candidates. An ideal Angular developer resume should display proficiency in all of the below mentioned tasks and requirements.
- Designing and developing user interfaces using Angular best practices.
- Adapting interface for modern internet applications using the latest front-end technologies.
- Developing product analysis tasks.
- Making complex technical and design decisions for Angular projects.
- Developing application codes and unit tests in Angular.
- Conducting performance tests.
- Consulting with the design team.
- Ensuring high performance of applications and providing support.
- Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Science, Computer Engineering or similar.
- Previous work experience as an Angular developer.
- Proficient in CSS, HTML, and writing cross-browser compatible code.
- Excellent project management skills.
- Excellent communication skills.
- Critical thinker and good problem-solver.
The following job description is taken from Glassdoor, which thinks in finding you the job that fits your life.
- Develop user interfaces for a digital customer-facing responsive website with the latest Front End Technologies.
- Final HTML and CSS styling.
- Ensuring high performance and not create any technical debts.
- Working alongside UX designers for web design features.
- Working through a project from conception to finished product.
- Developing frontend website architecture.
- Designing user interactions on web pages.
- Must have website development experience in Web development and Web technologies.
- Experience with Angular
- Experience with HTML and CSS
- Have a clear understanding of JS fundamentals like DOM structure, etc.
The following job description is taken from LinkedIn, which is a popular professional community and network.
- Knowledge of Angular
- Good working knowledge of CSS or LESS/SASS
- Some exposure to cloud services like AWS
- Possess an agile mindset and enjoy working in a Scrum team
- Excellent communication and interpersonal skills
- Fluent in English
- Working in an international Scrum team and be responsible for the frontend development within the team
- Development of high quality and performance components
- Collaborate effectively with the team on creating responsive styles based on design concepts, test automation, and improving system architecture
Most common problems for the Angular developers
Where every new technology, if it’s a hit, brings a positive change in the technological ecosystem, together it brings along some hardships that the technology users have to go through. These hardships are not permanent; they are actually a kind of learning curve that people need to adopt. For some people, this learning curve is steep and for some, it is shallow. It depends on the inner capabilities and varies from one individual to another.
Following are some of the common tough routines that Angular developers have to go through but eventually settle down in the longer run.
- Although Angular architecture is one of the best of its kind, it is indeed difficult to understand if you are a beginner. The internal connections, relationships with distributed modules, component-based approach, all of it is not easy to understand and indeed Angular developers go through this pain point. You cannot get rid of this problem unless you involve yourself actively in projects. You should try setting up your pet projects and do proper hands-on in order to understand the concepts in detail. Open-source contributions are an ideal way to learn from the code and practices of other developers working on the same technology, Angular.
- Angular is a really consistent framework and expects the developers that are using it to be consistent with their development as well. At the start, when a diverse team of developers is formed, it is difficult to adopt a common set of best practices that everyone should follow. The core reason behind it is that the developers come from different technological backgrounds and have their own set of defined rules. Initially, the developers face challenges in order to reach a common ground but after a few iterations, when teams understand the culture and best practice benefits, they eventually come on the same page.
- Again, in the initial stages, the developers might find using the Angular CLI a bit overwhelming. The fact that you can do many useful things with Angular CLI creates a bit of confusion for developers at the start where they might feel like referring to the documentation again and again which is obviously tedious and time-consuming. With time and with frequent use of CLI, the experience is improved and actually proves to be a major contributor in speeding up the development process.
- If someone is new to Angular and does not have sound knowledge of ES5+, they can face problems dealing with observables. Observables are one of the key features of Angular and almost all the applications make use of observables and event-driven approaches to modify data on the UI layer. Initially, observables might be difficult to understand and use but again with frequent development, the process eases down and converts itself into a pleasant experience.
We, at Chudovo, make sure that we create an equal opportunity environment for developers and train them on their weak points. We understand that learning and developing software applications using Angular can be a bit overwhelming but Chudovo helps pass the hurdles for developers and engage them in active Angular projects for better learning and growth.
How to become an Angular developer
By now, we have understood a wide range of areas about Angular; including the framework itself, what are the benefits of using it, which top brands are using Angular in their technology stack, and a brief comparison of Angular with other popular frontend development technologies out there. It is nice to learn about all those steps, but what next? If you have this article this far then you must be an aspiring Angular developer who wants to make a mark in the frontend software industry. In this section, we will look at some key steps that will help you achieve your goal of becoming an Angular developer.
- Interest in frontend development — Frontend development is not easy as it seems. There are a variety of stakeholder technologies that you have to keep in parallel. If the development process is not fun, you will eventually get bored of it and your productivity will decrease. If you are trying to step into the world of Angular, be sure that you have a solid interest in pursuing frontend development and are not just doing it because the world is doing it. A bit philosophical but true!
- Understand the core — By now, you have understood the basic project structure, directories, and boilerplate code that Angular provides. The next step is to understand the core of Angular. The core contains Angular component, directives, services, templates, data-binding mechanisms, etc. This is an essential process of learning Angular because all these core elements are the basic building blocks that when logically combined together, make up the entire Angular application.
- Hands-on with the core — Once you have understood the core elements that build up an Angular application, it is the right time to jump into some hands-on exercises centered around the Angular core. Practice how to create the Angular component and service. Implement data-binding in the Angular component; start with event-binding because that is easy, and then move towards two-way binding as well. Again, as mentioned previously, there are multiple Angular tutorial websites that provide hands-on experience with Angular. So after learning, your major motive should be to practice, practice, and practice!
- Stay updated — Learning never stops. No matter how much you learn, there is always room for improvement. You should be open to the idea that in your dev life, you have to keep learning. Technologies change rapidly and you should be able to quickly adapt to new features and enhancements. Think of some newsletters that you could subscribe to, follow the podcasts, and official releases about Angular. This way you will remain up-to-date about whatever new is coming in Angular and eventually you can implement those new features within your application as well. Follow the Angular tutorial websites and forums as they also have to offer numerous updates regarding the changes in Angular.
Angular development is obviously a purely technical job and requires the fundamental concepts of computer science, to begin with. At the end of the day, it is programming within a framework ecosystem. In terms of the professional world, in order to become an Angular developer, you must have at least a bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, Software Engineering, or Computer Engineering. In all these three disciplines, the fundamentals of programming, data structures, and object-oriented programming are covered and hence companies demand the backing of either of these degree disciplines in your resume when applying for an Angular job position.
The degree requirements are only necessary if you want to enter into a professional setting and work for a company and build a professional career. The degree does not matter if you are a freelancer. In the freelance world, only the skills matter. If you have a passion for frontend development and you consistently deliver high-quality work then clients do not take into account if you are a degree holder or not. At the end of the day, what matters is the quality of work that you do.
As for learning the framework and adapting to the rapidly changing features in it, there are countless learning resources that can assist you with exactly that part. It is up to you which learning platform you choose for your personal learning according to your interests and learning style. You may choose to learn from video tutorials and practice along, you may opt for written tutorials and practice after properly understanding them, or you may be the person who likes to read the official documentation and follow along. Learning resources are many, it’s just that you should be an efficient learner! In the future sections, we will discuss some of the learning resources, courses, and certifications in detail.
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Certifications and courses
Certifications are certainly a way to prove that you know the work you do and are confident about the technologies you are working on. Having a certification on your profile is always a good idea. There are a few Angular certifications that are credible and we recommend doing them in order to make a mark in the industry.
- Angular Training Certification — Angular Training is a forum made by Angular GDEs (Google Developer Experts). It offers a full-fledged Angular certification online and allows you to showcase your skill set. Angular Training has two levels of certification; the first one is geared towards beginners and the other is made for developers who have been in the industry for quite a long time and have a high level of experience in Angular. The aim of this certification is to assess the capabilities of applicants as an Angular developer and establish credibility in the job market. Once the certification is passed, developers can attach this certification when applying for jobs. This certification has helped developers lock their jobs with big names like Verizon, Intel, Salesforce, LinkedIn, VMware, Visa, etc. To read more about the steps and processes, feel free to follow the link here.
- Google Developer Expert — The Experts program is an initiative by Google that aims to build a global network of extremely qualified and experienced technology leaders and experts who have the vision to spread the word of technology and convey it among the common masses. Google Developer Expert is not exactly a certification but is a recognition of your expertise in the domain. It is one of the most credible and prestigious programs and is one of its own kinds worldwide. The Google Developer Expert program also has a category of Angular. There are numerous experts from all over the world representing Angular in this program. Yet alone from Germany, there are around 9 GDEs in Angular. To know more about this outstanding program, please follow the link here.
Angular developer portrait
We already discussed in great detail what is an Angular developer essentially and what are the different roles and responsibilities of an Angular developer. We also discussed the different experience levels of an Angular developer and looked at the job roles that multiple experience-level developers are expected to abide by. In this section, we will revisit our learnings so far and try to recap our knowledge about Angular developers using an Angular developer portrait.
As you might have guessed by now, personality traits like humility, empathy, presentability, perseverance, cognitivity and the unwavering desire to continuously self-learning (left-to-right) are integral components to becoming an Angular developer. Furthermore, problem-solving and attention to detail are desired for continuous growth and success in the niche.
Angular community events and conferences
Since Angular is a renowned framework worldwide, there are a lot of events and conferences in which Angular is discussed and presented. Technology enthusiasts and developers from all around the world attend these conferences to learn from the work that their peers are doing in the same field. Oftentimes, due to these conferences and events, people find new and interesting roles and lock the next big move of their career. These events hold significant importance when it comes to credibility and recognition. Developers, and even enterprises, present their interesting and eye-catching work to the community. The community, in return, recognizes their work, appreciates them, and motivates them to continue the outstanding job they are doing! Following are some of the popular events and conferences in which Angular is the core element of the discussion.
- NG-Conf — NG-Conf is probably one of the biggest conferences on Angular. They label themselves as the “world’s premier angular event” and strongly believe that here the careers are made! The conference is sponsored by leading tech companies that are operating worldwide and invites quality and high profiles to speak on different aspects of Angular. The conference consists of sessions and workshops and provides an ideal environment for developers to increase their professional network as well. To learn more about this conference, read on their website.
- NG-Poland — As the name already tells, NG-Poland is one of the biggest conferences on Angular held in Poland. It is one of those few conferences in which engineers and developers from Google, the company that provides support for Angular, also take active participation. This conference not only focuses on technical talks and workshops but also hosts multiple ice-breaking sessions so that participants can collaborate and increase their professional network. You may visit their website to read more about the event.
- AngleBrackets & AngularMix — The main focus of the AngleBrackets & AngularMix conference is to have interesting conversations around Angular and modern browsers. In this conference, Angular developers, as well as Google Developer Experts in Angular, also participate and share their learning with the conference participants. The core concepts around Angular including Angular CLI, state management, RxJS, and much more are discussed. To learn more, feel free to visit their website here.
- NG DE — NG DE is an Angular conference that is to be hosted in Berlin. This is the first-ever community-driven conference on Angular in Germany. To read more, feel free to visit this link.
It is certainly not possible to list every Angular conference here in this article but feel free to visit ConfTree, which is an ideal online platform to search for conferences and events on numerous technologies that are hosted in different parts of the world.
Angular developer CV/Resume
In any technical field, having a good resume counts a lot. A good resume is a great reflection of technical and professional skills. It helps you land on new and exciting roles and plays an essential part in migrating towards your next big move in career. In the software industry, especially the frontend application development domain, having the name of Angular technology on your resume boosts the ranking of your resume by great miles. Angular is a high-in-demand technology and employers are always on a look out for individuals who have experience and expertise in Angular and are extremely motivated towards it. According to different experience levels, Angular developers are expected to include diverse sets of skills in their resume. Following are the links to some of the finest Angular developer resumes that you could use for reference and take inspiration from.
So, that was all about Angular. Congratulations on reading it this far! We are proud to have provided you with a descriptive read that focuses on each and every aspect of Angular. Right from the start where we discussed Angular, its core, architecture, the essential building blocks, why should we use Angular to the point where we just wrapped up our discussion after looking at some of the popular Angular conferences worldwide; this was a long ride but eventually worth it. We hope that after reading this article, you have a clear direction about Angular and are ready to make a decision to embark on a new journey towards your next big move with Angular. We hope that you had an amazing read! Good luck and godspeed!